RESEARCH & STUDIES
Modeling, or learning through observing and imitating another person’s actions, is an effective learning tool for young children, and is the main learning principle harnessed in the Copy-Kids DVDs. Previous research suggests that young children who observe models, especially peer models, eating a particular food will increase acceptance and consumption of that food. To find out more about how children’s eating behavior can be influenced by peer models, keep reading!
BEHAVIOR CHANGE THEORY
Schunk, D.H. Peer models and children’s behavioral change. Review of Educational Research. 1987: 57(2); 149-174.
This article reviewed 29 studies and their use of peer modeling to influence behavior change in children. Current theories of modeling are based on foundational work by Albert Bandura. Peer models may be more effective in certain contexts based on their perceived similarities with the observer, including similarities in age and sex (i.e. when modeling age- and sex-appropriate tasks). Perceived competency is another important attribute to consider for effective modeling, while the number of models and other model characteristics may be less important.